Bird watching in Pilanesberg is tremendous, as over 300 species have been recorded in the area. There is an extensive diversity ofbird species, which is sure to make every bird fanatic’s dreams come true. Some of these birds are migrants, while others live in the area permanently. These birds feed on everything from live prey, seeds, fruit to tiny water organisms. In the eastern section of the Walking Area at Manyane Complex, visitors can enjoy a self-guided trail. This trail is excellent for gaining some environmental education, whilst enjoying bird watching on foot. Another exciting option is the walk-in aviary that over 80 species of indigenous birds call home.
In the transition zone of the semi-arid Kalahari Desert and the Lowveld, Pilanesberg offers a unique mix of plant life. Due to the fact that the Kalahari is not a true desert, a bigger range of plants are found and supported in the region. Flora that is connate to the area includes the acacia tree, and many other herbs and grasses. The Kiwano fruit is an oval-shaped melon, characterized by horn-like spikes. When the fruit is ripe, the skin is yellow/orange in colour, with a lime-green flesh similar in texture to the cucumber. The Kiwano fruit is prevalent in the region. It is perhaps better known by other names such as African horned cucumber, jelly melon or the English tomato.